The primary cause of adult tooth loss in Canada is periodontal disease, affecting up to 80% of the population. Food particles, bacteria, and hardened plaque (tartar) can irritate the gums and cause gum infection, which is also known as gum disease. Gingivitis, the early stage of gum disease, can go undetected without regular check-ups and cleanings and the condition begins with minor swelling, redness, and sometimes tenderness, of the gums. As it advances, periodontal disease can cause gum recession, bone loss, tooth loss, and has been linked to other conditions, including strokes, heart attacks, diabetes, and increased risk during pregnancy. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease. Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease are; bleeding gums, loose teeth, new spacing between teeth, persistent bad breath, pus surrounding teeth and gums, receding gums, red and puffy gums, and/or tenderness or discomfort.
We will check your gums for periodontal disease at your check-up or cleaning appointment. If we find that you are at risk, we will suggest preventive measures and recommend periodontal therapy that suits your needs, including scaling, root planing, polishing, and fluoride.